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Summary The purpose of this document is to help and guide projects with application integration components to determine the right interface when communicating with SAP systems. The main input to determine the right interface is the business requirements. These requirements need to be translated into integration requirements and agreed with the business and the IT parts. Depending upon the requirements on the integration flow e. Guaranteed Delivery, Transactional1 messages, the reliability and performance of the interface , the right SAP interface should be selected when the project designs the solution.

Synchronous communication Message Routing, Traceability, Orchestration, Asynchronous communication There are several types of SAP interfaces to choose from see the table. The whole message or nothing at all is sent. Introduction 2. Processes crossing over different companies e.

Information need to be exchanged between the corresponding systems that run and support these processes. Products, Product Prices, Invoices, Payments etc.

Guidelines to determine the right interface when integrating with sap…

In order to feed these systems e. Business Intelligence systems, CRM, SRM, other external and internal systems with the required data, integration flows between these applications or systems should be developed. Billing the customers correctly. Unfortunately many projects detect the integration needs when they are in a late phase of the project.

Often these projects strive to solve the integration needs without analyzing the business requirements for these integration flows. The main concern of a project manager is to avoid delays in the projects. The consequences of a quick design of these integration flows could be a rework of these flows or more serious consequences e.

At the beginning, when we as integration developers and integration architects, started to create integration flows between our SAP systems with the rest of the world in , we made many mistakes and we made many reworks and redesigns and of course we learned a lot of lessons from these mistakes.

I hope that this document will help you to avoid some reworks and help you to take the right design decision when it comes to integration with SAP systems. In our organization we have a long experience of using SAP systems. I wrote the first version of this document in as a one page-document and I made several versions of this document in , and when I was a solution architect and the responsible for the EAI Enterprise Application Integration area in our organization.

This document is based on general interfaces e. In order to create a right content in this document, I made some assumptions based on the previous points. This assumption does not mean that every interface goes via an EAI platform. The document assumes that there are clear definitions, when an EAI platform will be used. The criteria for selection the right interface are not depending on using or not using an integration platform. These requirements need to be translated to integration requirements.

The following topics are not included in the guideline document: o When to use an Enterprise Application Integration EAI tool and when it is allowed to not use it. This issue is a matter for a new work guidelines in the future. We use this method to gather and agree about requirements, plan and design the solution, implement, test and act if there are any gaps between the requirements and the outcomes of the integration solution.

The PDCA cycle is widely used in industry, lines of business to improve processes and as a tool for problem solving. Stakeholders are the start point and the end point of every assignment. Plans will start with scoping the goal, objectives and requirements on the integration solution. Do according to the plan.


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Check if there are some gaps between the required outcomes and the actual outcomes. We may need to take more actions to correct the result. The first step is to identify these stakeholders. The key stakeholders with the most power and influence are very important to concentrate on.

Identifying stakeholders is not an easy task and you as a project manager have to seek proactively for new stakeholders. Face to face meeting with stakeholders is a good way to obtain and gather their concerns. A good way to obtain commitment is to actively engage your stakeholders. You need to build trust with your stakeholders. The question here will be who are the main stakeholders for the integration requirements?

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At the beginning of a project you as a project manager may not identified all the stakeholders of the project. As project manager you need to find an integration architect t in order to analyze your project from an integration point of view. For an integration architect it is important to understand the boundaries of the project and the processes, the information and as we mentioned previously the IT landscape that will be impacted by the project.

As an integration architect or integration project manager if that is needed as a sub- project you may involve the users in order to check their view over the requirements and the desired outcomes of the integration solution. The list of the stakeholders could be much longer or shorter depending on the size and the impacts of the project. As an integration architect you need to gather and analyze the relevant requirements from the involved stakeholders. In many cases you may need to perform a pre-study to check the feasibility and the costs, impacts and the risks of these solutions.

Nothing is new here, as requirement manager you need to identify, specify, analyze and agree about the use cases, the quality attributes and other requirements for your project. And as integration architect you need to translate these requirement and maybe specify and detail more these requirements into integration requirements. In this case and if you are the responsible for providing the integration solution, you will need to understand the processes and information needs behind these processes.

Such kind of projects e. As we mentioned in the previous section if the list of the use cases and the quality attributes are ready gathered, specified, analysed and agreed and the integration architect was involved in this process, then the translation to integration requirements will be easier than starting from nothing. The following is a list of required quality attributes that have the impacts in integration requirements and the integration solution: Quality Attributes Definition Reliability According to [23], reliability is the ability of a system to remain operational over time.

Reliability is measured as the probability that a system will not fail to perform its intended functions over a specified time interval. Performance response time According to [23], performance is an indication of the responsiveness of a system to execute any action within a given time interval.

It can be measured in terms of latency or throughput. Latency is the time taken to respond to any event. Throughput is the number of events that take place within a given amount of time. Using an integration platform like BizTalk Server and developing a messaging solution that uses the BizTalk message box will reduce the responsiveness of the system. Security Security is the capability of a system to prevent malicious or accidental actions outside of the designed usage, and to prevent disclosure or loss of information. A secure system aims to protect assets and prevent unauthorized modification of information, for more information, see [23].

Often these systems are designed with security in mind. Interoperability According to [23], interoperability is the ability of a system or different systems to operate successfully by communicating and exchanging information with other external systems written and run by external parties. An interoperable system makes it easier to exchange and reuse information internally as well as externally. In these guidelines and the cases that are presented In this document, we assume that these projects have interoperability requirements.

Maintainability According to [23], maintainability is the ability of the system to undergo changes with a degree of ease. These changes could impact components, services, features, and interfaces when adding or changing the functionality, fixing errors, and meeting new business requirements. It is important to analyze if the sender and the receiver systems have integration capabilities out the box. Otherwise developing integration capabilities in the sender and the receiver systems could make these systems very complex and hard to maintain.

Reusability According to [23], reusability defines the capability for components and subsystems to be suitable for use in other applications and in other scenarios. Reusability minimizes the duplication of components and also the implementation time. Creating Canonical Data Models helps organisations to reuse these models, reduce the amount of mappings and to have a common understanding of the data.

Integration Capabilities Message Traceability, Message Archiving Message traceability is an out of the box capability of an EAIP and it enables tracing of metadata for messages sent through the integration platform. Ability to archive full messages or searching for messages by content are also capabilities that some of these platforms have. Message Routing The Message Router pattern determines the recipient of the message based on a set of conditions. The Content-Based Router inspects the content of a message and routes it to another channel based on the content of the message.

Using such a router enables the message producer to send messages to a single channel and leave it to the Content-Based Router to inspect messages and route them to the proper destination. This alleviates the sending application from this task and avoids coupling the message producer to specific destination channels. Basic Message Router uses fixed rules to determine the destination of an incoming message.

The SAP IDoc Technology

Where we need more This router allows the routing logic to be modified by sending control messages to a designated control port. The dynamic nature of the Dynamic Router can be combined with most forms of the Message Router, for more information, see [4]. This integration capability can be difficult to develop in a sender system we assume that the sender system is not an EAIP. If the requirements are indicating that a there are needs to route messages to different systems, it is wise to use an EAIP.

Workflow and orchestration capability Orchestration or workflow capability enables multiple information flows to work as one where the process is coordinated within the integration platform. In common cases this is used for workflow logic i. As the previous capability, this capability is an EAIP capability. Transformation capability In many cases, enterprise integration solutions receive, send and route messages between existing applications such as legacy systems, packaged applications, homegrown custom applications, or applications operated by external partners.

Each of these applications is usually built around a proprietary data model. Each application may have a slightly different notion of the Customer entity, the attributes that define a Customer and which other entities a Customer is related to. For example, the accounting system may be more interested in the customer's tax payer ID numbers while the customer-relationship management CRM system stores phone numbers and addresses. As a result, the applications expect to receive messages that mimic the application's internal data format, for more information, see [4].

Transformation is one of the main capabilities of a EAIP. Table 1: quality attributes that have the impacts in integration solution Projects with IT components e. This is important to align the purchased systems to the target architecture of the enterprise. When a project with interoperability requirements starts at some part of your organization then there will be needs to gather and analyze the integration requirements. As we mentioned at the beginning of this document, the integration team or an integration architect should be involved at the beginning of a project.

The questionnaire defines the general requirements on the information flow. The integration team asks sends these questions when they receives a request for integration from a project [1]. The following table lists the relevant questions that should be asked by the project to our stakeholders. The related requirements column will be very useful for the project to design and determine the right interface see the matrix on page Question Requirement Is it necessary to have ordered delivery of messages?

Ordered delivery How critical is the information and what are the consequences of losing or delaying messages? Cost, quality, reputation etc Guaranteed Delivery Do the process and the information flow involves many systems? Interoperability, Workflow and Transactionality Are there any requirements for rolling back transactions when a part of transaction scope fails? Performance Are there any special security requirements on authentication, integrity,…? Security The following requirements are the most important requirements when determining the right interface: o Transactional communication o Guaranteed Delivery o Performance low latency o In order Delivery 3.

If you are familiar with these SAP terms and the other terms that are listed and defined in the next pages, you may jump to the next section of this document.


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This method is used for event driven Architecture and for Synchronous Communication. RFCs manage the communication process, parameter transfer, and error handling. For more information, see [13]. The following figure illustrates the types of RFCs that are explained in the next pages: This type of RFC executes the function call based on synchronous communication, meaning that the systems involved must both be available at the time the call is made.

If a call is sent, and the receiving system is down, the call remains in the local queue. Related Searches. Applied Evolutionary Algorithms in Java. This book is intended for students, researchers, and professionals interested in evolutionary algorithms at graduate This book is intended for students, researchers, and professionals interested in evolutionary algorithms at graduate and postgraduate level.

No mathematics beyond basic algebra and Cartesian graphs methods is required, as the aim is to encourage applying the JAVA toolkit to View Product. Applied Java Patterns. Sun Microsystems experts Stelting and Maassen describe how design patterns can be applied effectively to Sun Microsystems experts Stelting and Maassen describe how design patterns can be applied effectively to the Java platform and present proven techniques for all types of patterns, from system architecture to single classes. Applied Java Patterns features a pattern catalog Data Structures and Algorithms in Java.

The design and analysis of efficient data structures has long been recognized as a key The design and analysis of efficient data structures has long been recognized as a key component of the Computer Science curriculum. Creating Custom IDoc type and Message type All the objects created should be present on both source as well as target system s. Table used for Accounting Document Segment. Let us first view the Characteristics delivered by SAP. I can't fill the profitability segment via this BAPI. SAP Management Accounting. For example, a company may wish to analyze profitability for a specific group of products that the company sells to a particular customer or group of customers.

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With profitability diluted by the shift to internet-based computing, a push to shore up margins failed to make progress in the second quarter. After the characteristics, which are transferred directly from the sending application, are taken over the derivation will be executed so that finally all characteristics are available.

SAP CO Controlling is on the functional module and it provides you with information for management decision-making. Whole configuration supported by standard SAP customizing. When you create or change a sales order, if you changes fields that are relevant to the profitability segment, the system may not update the corresponding distribution rule of the settlement rule.

Below you can find the technical details of the fields that make up this table. This overview tutorial contains its tcodes, tables, components and PDF tutorials. Below is the complete list of Authorization Objects. Create three tables as shown below. View sap business summary and other industry information. SAP User Exits… Depending on your perspective, they are either a saving grace which allows you to bend SAP to your liking, or a frightening Carte Blanche which allows your clients to do the most crazy stuff and later ask you to fix it.

The following training tutorials guides you how to maintain settlement profile in SAP step by step. When the system buffers a number range object, it does not update numbers individually in the database but reserves a preset group of numbers in the database the first time a number is requested, and makes these numbers available to the application server in question.

These are the fields that contain the currency amounts and quantities that you want to analyze in CO-PA. It will open a pop up window where in you can fill your chars as many as you want and confirm. The credit score will decide if the credit can be extended or not. When the cost object is created in sap for abap programming and controlling , a preliminary cost estimate will be carried out automatically to calculate the planned costs for the cost object.

The challenge: transition from a business model where you earn revenues by selling perpetual software licenses to one based on monthly SAP, Adobe, Microsoft: three monkeys take on SaaS. However, SAP has devised a tool in COPA wherein we can realign the Existing data in accordance with the changed derivations or data —Various enhancements in the profitability analysis.

When posting an accounting document, the SAP system updates the transaction figures in the accounts to which the document is posted. I want to post FI document FB01 with a profitability segment. You should deactivate such characteristics when creating a profitability segment. It requires disclosures for 'primary' and 'secondary' segment reporting formats, with the primary format based on whether the entity's risks and returns are affected predominantly by the products and services it produces or by the fact that it operates in different geographical areas.

You can create settlement profile in SAP by using one of the following navigation method. Revenue and Profitability improvement are some of the benefits of a business centered approach to implementation, upgrade, or enhancement. The refining segment consists of refineries operated in Tyler, Texas and El Dorado, Arkansas with a combined nameplate production capacity of , barrels per day.

Automatic update for transaction OB Short text. The Digitalist Magazine is your trusted online destination for everything you will need to know to lead your enterprise's digital transformation. SD profitability data is automatically sent forward and stored within the same system. FICO data can be used to decide on the risk involved in giving the credit to the user.

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In configuration of COPA you have identified which characteristics are available for summary reporting separate from those that may be captured on the line item. Normally, it is a rule in SAP that data once posted cannot be changed. Note - Sales order no.

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Execute the last Delta extraction run before migration starts. All the above. Otherwise the data volume of the profitability segments is too large and hampers system performance. Direct expenses are those expenses of a segment that are caused by the existence of the segment and can, therefore, be eliminated by the closing of the segment. SAP will divide the customer's quantity for a week or month evenly into the days of the week specified by the distribution function code.

For example you can analyze the profitability according to profit centers which are usually internally driven or customer regions which are usually externally driven. This type of Profitability Analysis is primarily designed to let you analyze profit quickly for the purpose of sales management.


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Empower finance and logistics teams with actionable insights from sophisticated models such as profitability and cost allocations, driver-based planning, and shared-services costing. Reason: A large number of number range objects are buffered. Below is the standard documentation available and a few details of the fields which make up this Cluster table. An accounting document is a representation within the SAP System of the document for example, an invoice that triggered the posting. By default this is not enabled in the releases Profitability Segment corresponds to market segment.

ERP or SAP technology can enable revenue growth and profitability with a business centered approach, but senior management must promote the business drivers for the project. Indirect expenses or common expenses as they are sometimes called are those expenses that are not directly caused by any one particular segment.

KE32 - Change Report. The combined profitability analysis is a further development of the costing-based profitability analysis. Note: Segment manager performance is based on all costs directly controllable by the segment manager. The package KALC is a normal package.